In Year 4, grammar becomes more complex with further rules for children to learn. They need to be able to follow these rules to ensure their writing is accurate in expressing their ideas, and contains sufficient grammatical variety to retain the reader's interest.
As always with young children, it's important to break down each skill so that they can practise in manageable chunks. To help you navigate Year 4 grammar, we’ve compiled the following information and tips so that you can help your child achieve these standards!
Year 4 grammar covers:
Pronouns can be used in the place of nouns to avoid repetition and provide a short way to refer to someone or something that has already been introduced in a sentence.
These are some of the most commonly used pronouns:
Relative pronouns are used to introduce parts of a sentence (known as clauses) that are connected to the person or thing they refer to. The clauses the relative pronouns introduce are named relative clauses. There are only five relative pronouns:
Challenge your child to complete quizzes, like the one pictured below, on Nightzookeeper.com that test their knowledge and understanding of relative pronouns.
Relative adverbs introduce clauses that tell us more about the where, when, or why in a sentence. There are three relative adverbs:
Progressive verb tenses describe actions that are ongoing. They are formed by adding the suffix -ing to a verb.
On Nightzookeeper.com, quizzes like the below give children the opportunity to practice identifying which progressive tense a sentence uses.
Modal auxiliary verbs are used to express the possibility of future actions. They are sometimes known as helper verbs because they help a verb by adding additional meaning. There are ten modal verbs:
When describing a noun using a number of adjectives, the adjectives should be in a particular order to help the sentence make sense. Most native English speakers learn this intrinsically when they begin to form sentences as young children.
Here is the order ruling:
Determiner Opinion Size Shape Condition Age Colour Pattern Origin Material Purpose Noun
That comfortable large rectangular dusty old red striped American wooden bedroom chair
Sea Lion Sentences is a fun Nightzookeeper.com game that helps children to learn and practise the correct order of adjectives within a sentence.
A preposition is a word that connects a noun with the rest of a sentence. Prepositions show how the noun and the rest of the sentence are connected. These parts of a sentence are often connected in time (during, after) or space (under, over). These are some examples of prepositions:
Children can familiarise themselves with prepositions using the Nightzoookeeper.com Star Search game.
A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with the object of the preposition. They tell you more about a noun or a verb within a sentence. They often tell you where or when action is taking place.
Will found the cat hiding under the table.
Night Zookeeper is a gamified English program that focuses on helping children develop their reading and writing skills in a fantastically fun way!
Our reading & writing program provides many ways for your child to develop key grammar skills, including interactive lessons, word games, and grammar challenges. Night Zookeeper includes an adjustable difficulty level feature, to allow children to learn at their own pace, so if you feel that your child needs a little extra practice, we’ve got you covered - sign up today to get a FREE 7-day trial!