In Year 4, the way children approach reading will be completely different from their approach in Year 1. They’ll be well-versed in key literacy principles, should be fluent readers and recognise a wide variety of words instantly.
Here’s a short summary of the basic primary reading skills your children should have by Year 4:
The challenge for your child in Year 4 will now be to make the switch from simply being able to read the words on the page and recognising sight words instantly, to applying their reading comprehension skills to think critically about what the text is telling them. They’ll also need to begin to inference and answer reading comprehension questions by identifying hidden meanings. This can be challenging for a lot of children, so it’s important to practise as much as possible!
By the time children have reached Year 4, they’re expected to use a full toolkit of reading skills to decode words. These skills include knowing phonics, syllabication patterns, and knowledge of affixes.
Letter-sound correspondences or phonics are the sounds that relate to individual letters and letter combinations. Syllabication patterns help children read multisyllabic words by breaking them into syllables. Affixes are the letters we add to root words that change their meaning, such as prefixes and suffixes.
In Year 4, children are expected to make use of the reading comprehension skills acquired in previous years to explain inferences within a text. Where appropriate, they should make textual references and give examples. You can help your child develop reading comprehension and inference skills by reading children’s stories, and prompting them to answer questions on “why” something happened in the story.
Here are a few examples:
If your child is struggling to infer meanings in stories, then you can try to compare the events to something they may have experienced in their own life. This can help them to relate to the story and it can make the events more understandable.
Set up your own book club! This is a great way to challenge your child to read stories and give them the opportunity to answer questions based on what they’ve read.
A large part of the primary reading curriculum in Year 4 will involve non-fiction texts. Children will be expected to read through a text and identify key ideas and pieces of information. It’s important to be very clear with your child as to what they should be looking for in the text before they begin reading. If they don’t have a clear purpose for their non-fiction reading, then it can be difficult for them to extract important information from the text.
It will also help your child to go through the key words in the text before they begin reading. This can involve picking out four to eight words that are key to understanding the information in the text. You should run through the meaning of these words, ask your children to read them aloud and ask them to explain their meaning to you. You might even invite your children to find these key words and consult a dictionary to understand their meanings before they start reading.
Children in Year 4 will also be expected to build upon the ‘compare and contrast’ skills they started to develop whilst in Year 3. When reading informational texts, you can ask your child to compare how different authors present their information on a topic. You can also ask for their critical opinion on which text they prefer and ask for them to back this up with reasons.
The best way to practise reading and all of your child’s new reading skills is by making it fun! Children always learn best when they are enjoying themselves and that’s why it’s important to encourage them to read for pleasure. Allow them to select their own books, read things that interest them, and introduce fun activities around the books they are reading.
Here are just a few fun activities you could do with your young reader at home:
Night Zookeeper can transform your child’s reading skills in a matter of weeks! We use a gamified approach to teach Year 4 students all the reading skills they need to know at this year level in a fantastically fun way.
Our reading program for kids provides countless ways for your child to develop key primary reading skills needed in Year 4, including reading comprehension activities and lessons, word games, and reading challenges. Night Zookeeper includes an adjustable age/year level feature, to allow children to learn at their own pace, so if you feel that your child needs a little extra practice, we’ve got you covered!
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