In order for your child to excel at writing, they will need to have; a solid foundation in grammar, a broad and varied vocabulary, a range of punctuation tools to use, and good spelling knowledge. In this article, we are going to address the grammar skills your child will need to learn to attain fifth-grade standards.
Before we jump into fifth-grade grammar, you might like to download this checklist of skills that your child should know by the time they reach this level.
It can be difficult to support your child with their grammar if you’re unfamiliar with the technical terms associated with Grade 5 grammar. This page explains each skill and the associated terminology in a child-friendly way.
Interjections are words that we use to express sudden strong emotions, such as joy, pain, and excitement. They often stand alone and should be followed by punctuation. Strong interjections are usually followed by an exclamation point. Mild interjections are followed with a comma or period.
Practice Tip: Challenge your child to complete interactive games and quizzes using interjections. The example below can be found on nightzookeeper.com and challenges children to select the most appropriate interjection for a given context.
The perfect tenses connect actions in time and use a form of the verb to have (has, have, had, will have) plus a past participle (verb form usually used to express a completed action).
The past perfect tense connects two past events and clarifies which event came first.
Will had been working on his painting when the portal at the zoo opened.
The present perfect tense connects events in the past to the present.
Sam and Will have been friends since they first met.
The future perfect tense connects events to the future.
Sam will have been a spying giraffe in training for a year by the winter.
An inappropriate shift in verb tense is when a writer changes tense within a sentence or text without valid reason. The more familiar a child is with different verb tenses, the more able they are to identify when there has been an incorrect shift in tense and avoid these in their own writing.
Here are some examples that you can show to your child:
Correlative conjunctions are pairs of conjunctions that work together within a sentence.
Either we have spaghetti or pizza for dinner.
Both my dog and my cat love to play.
Practice Tip: This quiz on nightzookeeper.com requires children to match the correlative conjunctions with the correct partner.
Our program helps your child master the grammar skills they will need in order to excel with their writing. There are hundreds of grammar challenges and games designed to help your child practise the necessary skills they’ll need to meet fifth-grade standards. We also enable children to put their newly acquired knowledge into practice by writing their own stories and articles directly onto the website.